With the rapid development of the internet, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have become omnipresent in our daily lives. The Smart City  concept involves using ICT as a core consideration in urban planning and management. The goal of a Smart City is to enhance the quality of life enjoyed by all residents through using ICT to improve the efficiency of social services.
The Smart City concept embodies a focus on ICT, covers almost every aspect of society and daily life. According to Boyd Cohen, an internationally renowned urban strategist, Smart City consists of 6 major components, namely Smart Economy, Smart Environment, Smart People, Smart Mobility, Smart Living and Smart Government.
In recent years many countries have been devoted significant resources to developing Smart Cities. In Hong Kong, the 2016 Policy Address announced that the Innovation & Technology Bureau (ITB) will study the development of a "Smart City" in collaboration with research institutions, public and private organizations. The Policy Address stated that ITB will then formulate a digital framework and standards for the development of Hong Kong as a Smart City.
In view of this, the Smart City Consortium (SCC) was set up to share our expertise, advice and views in collaboration with other professional bodies to assist the Government in building a Smart City.
 Smart City is a new concept which covers a continually evolving definition. Generally speaking, a Smart City is a city which capitalises on new technologies and developments to enhance its systems, operations and service delivery. Smart Cities share one thing in common, the application of ICT to connect and integrate the systems and services of the city. The goal for Smart Cities is to improve city management and residents' quality of life through the efficient use of resources and service delivery whilst at the same time reducing environmental footprint. (Source: Research Report on Smart City, Central Policy Unit, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, September 2015)